The term “cerebral” means relating to the brain; “palsy” means paralysis. CP occurs when the brain develops normally but the body doesn’t.
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that cause problems with movement and muscle coordination. It affects how people move their bodies and control their muscles. There are different types of cerebral palsy. Some people have only one type of cerebral palsy while others have two or more types.
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a neurological disorder that affects movement and posture. It is caused by damage to the brain before birth. The damage causes problems with muscle tone and coordination. This can affect how well a person walks, talks, eats, and learns. There are different types of CP, including spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, hypotonic, mixed, and athetoid.
The symptoms of CP vary from child to child. Some children have mild symptoms, while others have severe symptoms. Symptoms usually appear during infancy or early childhood. They can include:
- Difficulty walking
- Problems with speech
- Poor vision
- Learning disabilities
The most common type of cerebral palsy is spastic quadriplegia. This means that there is damage to the brain which causes problems with movement and muscle control.
Other types include
- dyskinetic cerebral palsy
- ataxic cerebral palsy
- mixed cerebral palsy
- athetoid cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsies are caused by injury to the developing brain during pregnancy or birth. They affect babies who were born prematurely or too early. Babies who are born very small or weigh less than 3 pounds are at risk for cerebral palsy. In some cases, the baby’s head was so big when he or she was born that his or her brain did not fit into the skull properly. This can lead to brain damage.
The symptoms of cerebral palsy vary depending on what part of the body is affected. For example, if a person has spasticity, this means that the muscles become tight and stiff. If a person has tremors, this means that the person shakes uncontrollably. People with cerebral palsy often have trouble walking because they cannot coordinate their legs and feet correctly. They may use a wheelchair or walker to get around.
People with cerebral palsy usually have difficulty speaking and understanding language. They may have learning disabilities. They may have seizures. Seizures are episodes of shaking or convulsions. They may happen several times a day or once every few months.