Different Forms of Cerebral Palsy

Different forms of Cerebral Palsy

This type of cp primarily affects the legs.

Hemiplegia

This is a form of cerebral palsy that affects one arm and leg on the same side of the body

Double Hemiplegia

This is used to describe people who have a weakness in all four limbs, with more involvement on one side of the body than the other.

Quadriplegia

This is a form of cp that affects all limbs.

Athetoid

This type of CP is characterized by tremors, unsteadiness, lack of coordination, and constant movement. People with Athetoid Cerebral Palsy often have speech difficulties as well.

Ataxic

This type of CP is the least common form of cerebral palsy. Ataxia means having a lack of balance. People with ataxic CP have a disturbed sense of balance and depth perception. They usually have low muscle tone, a staggering walk, and unsteady hands.

Mixed

This typically means a combination of spastic, athetoid, or ataxic cerebral palsy.

Forms of CP

Cerebral palsy can occur during pregnancy (~75%), at birth (~5%) or after birth (~15%). 80% of the causes are unknown. For the small number where the cause is known this can include infections, lack of iodine and significant head injury in very early childhood.

 

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